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Commit 35618939 authored by Douwe Maan's avatar Douwe Maan
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Merge branch '43614-osw-diff-docs' into 'master'

Add developer documentation on diff handling and limits

Closes #43614

See merge request gitlab-org/gitlab-ce!18269
......@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ comments: false
- [Avoid modules with instance variables](module_with_instance_variables.md) if possible
- [How to dump production data to staging](db_dump.md)
- [Working with the GitHub importer](github_importer.md)
- [Working with Merge Request diffs](diffs.md)
## Performance guides
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# Working with Merge Request diffs
Currently we rely on different sources to present merge request diffs, these include:
- Rugged gem
- Gitaly service
- Database (through `merge_request_diff_files`)
- Redis (cached highlighted diffs)
We're constantly moving Rugged calls to Gitaly and the progress can be followed through [Gitaly repo](https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitaly).
## Architecture overview
When refreshing a Merge Request (pushing to a source branch, force-pushing to target branch, or if the target branch now contains any commits from the MR)
we fetch the comparison information using `Gitlab::Git::Compare`, which fetches `base` and `head` data using Gitaly and diff between them through
`Gitlab::Git::Diff.between` (which uses _Gitaly_ if it's enabled, otherwise _Rugged_).
The diffs fetching process _limits_ single file diff sizes and the overall size of the whole diff through a series of constant values. Raw diff files are
then persisted on `merge_request_diff_files` table.
Even though diffs higher than 10kb are collapsed (`Gitlab::Git::Diff::COLLAPSE_LIMIT`), we still keep them on Postgres. However, diff files over _safety limits_
(see the [Diff limits section](#diff-limits)) are _not_ persisted.
In order to present diffs information on the Merge Request diffs page, we:
1. Fetch all diff files from database `merge_request_diff_files`
2. Fetch the _old_ and _new_ file blobs in batch to:
1. Highlight old and new file content
2. Know which viewer it should use for each file (text, image, deleted, etc)
3. Know if the file content changed
4. Know if it was stored externally
5. Know if it had storage errors
3. If the diff file is cacheable (text-based), it's cached on Redis
using `Gitlab::Diff::FileCollection::MergeRequestDiff`
## Diff limits
As explained above, we limit single diff files and the size of the whole diff. There are scenarios where we collapse the diff file,
and cases where the diff file is not presented at all, and the user is guided to the Blob view. Here we'll go into details about
these limits.
### Diff collection limits
Limits that act onto all diff files collection. Files number, lines number and files size are considered.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:safe_max_files] = Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection::DEFAULT_LIMITS[:max_files] = 100
```
File diffs will be collapsed (but be expandable) if 100 files have already been rendered.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:safe_max_lines] = Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection::DEFAULT_LIMITS[:max_lines] = 5000
```
File diffs will be collapsed (but be expandable) if 5000 lines have already been rendered.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:safe_max_bytes] = Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:safe_max_files] * 5.kilobytes = 500.kilobytes
```
File diffs will be collapsed (but be expandable) if 500 kilobytes have already been rendered.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:max_files] = Commit::DIFF_HARD_LIMIT_FILES = 1000
```
No more files will be rendered at all if 1000 files have already been rendered.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:max_lines] = Commit::DIFF_HARD_LIMIT_LINES = 50000
```
No more files will be rendered at all if 50,000 lines have already been rendered.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:max_bytes] = Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection.collection_limits[:max_files] * 5.kilobytes = 5000.kilobytes
```
No more files will be rendered at all if 5 megabytes have already been rendered.
### Individual diff file limits
Limits that act onto each diff file of a collection. Files number, lines number and files size are considered.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::Diff::COLLAPSE_LIMIT = 10.kilobytes
```
File diff will be collapsed (but be expandable) if it is larger than 10 kilobytes.
```ruby
Gitlab::Git::Diff::SIZE_LIMIT = 100.kilobytes
```
File diff will not be rendered if it's larger than 100 kilobytes.
```ruby
Commit::DIFF_SAFE_LINES = Gitlab::Git::DiffCollection::DEFAULT_LIMITS[:max_lines] = 5000
```
File diff will be suppressed (technically different from collapsed, but behaves the same, and is expandable) if it has more than 5000 lines.
## Viewers
Diff Viewers, which can be found on `models/diff_viewer/*` are classes used to map metadata about each type of Diff File. It has information
whether it's a binary, which partial should be used to render it or which File extensions this class accounts for.
`DiffViewer::Base` validates _blobs_ (old and new versions) content, extension and file type in order to check if it can be rendered.
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