Commit 623a8e07 authored by Armin Rigo's avatar Armin Rigo
Browse files

Issue #115: document the assignments where we store a list or a dict.

parent 5fd800db658c
......@@ -200,6 +200,25 @@ initializer says how long the array should be:
p ="foo_t *", [5, 3]) # length 3 with 0 in the array
p ="foo_t *", {'y': 3}) # length 3 with 0 everywhere
Finally, note that any Python object used as initializer can also be
used directly without ```` in assignments to array items or
struct fields. In fact, ``p ="T*", initializer)`` is
equivalent to ``p ="T*"); p[0] = initializer``. Examples:
.. code-block:: python
# if 'p' is a <cdata 'int[5][5]'>
p[2] = [10, 20] # writes to p[2][0] and p[2][1]
# if 'p' is a <cdata 'foo_t *'>, and foo_t has fields x, y and z
p[0] = {'x': 10, 'z': 20} # writes to p.x and p.z; p.y unmodified
# if, on the other hand, foo_t has a field 'char a[5]':
p.a = "abc" # writes 'a', 'b', 'c' and '\0'; p.a[4] unmodified
In function calls, when passing arguments, these rules can be used too;
see `Function calls`_.
Python 3 support
......@@ -297,8 +316,8 @@ argument and may mutate it!):
You can also pass unicode strings as ``wchar_t *`` arguments. Note that
in general, there is no difference between C argument declarations that
use ``type *`` or ``type[]``. For example, ``int *`` is fully
equivalent to ``int[]`` or ``int[5]``. So you can pass an ``int *`` as
a list of integers:
equivalent to ``int[]`` (or even ``int[5]``; the 5 is ignored). So you
can pass an ``int *`` as a list of integers:
.. code-block:: python
......@@ -306,6 +325,10 @@ a list of integers:
lib.do_something_with_array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
See `Reference: conversions`_ for a similar way to pass ``struct foo_s
*`` arguments---but in general, it is clearer to simply pass
``'struct foo_s *', initializer)``.
CFFI supports passing and returning structs to functions and callbacks.
......@@ -862,6 +885,8 @@ allowed.
function with a ``char *`` argument to which you pass a Python
string will not actually modify the array of characters passed in,
and so passes directly a pointer inside the Python string object.
(PyPy might in the future do the same, but it is harder because a
string object can move in memory when the GC runs.)
`(**)` C function calls are done with the GIL released.
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